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雅思小作文线图备考常见问题 - 俞璐静

作者:俞璐静 2020-01-03 09:32 来源:xhd
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线图属于动态图,在考试中出现频率较高,线图的描述方法可以应用到其他动态图表。然而同学们在备考中往往只记一些基本的单词和句式,不能很好地组织内容和语言来取得较好的分数,以下将讲到线图备考常见问题。

 

审题失误

图片1.png 

以上是一个多线图,我们先来看一个同学文章段落中间的描述:

Throughout the whole period, beef and lamb declined sharply from 220 and 150 grams to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively.

我们从小标题看到,此题的对象并非肉类本身,应该是这些肉类的消耗,所以应该改为the consumption of beef and lamb

 

词汇运用有误

例如 The percentage of people living in poverty in this area raised dramatically to 50% in 1998.

此句话中raise是及物动词,后面直接跟宾语,rise 是不及物动词, 后面不能直接跟名词,可以加介词,根据时态本句话raised应改为 rose。

 

语法错误较多

例如:The number of workers employed in this private company were 85 in 1990.

the number of 后加可数名词复数,谓语动词和系动词应该用单数,a number of 加可数名词复数,谓语动词和系动词用复数,所以本句were应该改为 was.

我们再来看一个例子:

a significant growth was shown in the percentage of students enrolled in famous universities throughout the whole period, reaching 60% in 2005.

此句reaching部分为分词作状语,逻辑主语应和主句主语一致,但是本句主语是a significant growth, 是一个趋势, 不能作reach的主语。

因此本句可以改成

The proportion of students enrolled in famous universities showed a significant growth throughout the whole period, reaching 60% in 2005.

 

句式较为单一

比如要表示老年人的比例从1990年的6% 急剧增长到 2000年的21%,同学们一般能想到的基本句式有以下两种:

The percentage of elderly people increased sharply from 6% in 1990 to 21% in 2000.

There was a sharp increase in the percentage of elderly people from 6% in 1990 to 21% in 2000.

但如果文章通篇都是这样的句式,就不符合更高分数的评分标准, 要求有多样的句式结构,我们可以有一些变化:

1 分词作状语描述起点

Starting at 6% in 1990, the percentage of elderly people increased sharply to 21% in 2000.

 

2 时期做主语

 

The period between 1990 and 2000 witnessed/ saw/ experienced a sharp increase in the percentage of elderly people from 6% to 21%.

 

3 before 衔接

The percentage of elderly people was 6% in 1990, before increasing sharply to 21% in 2000.  

 

4 趋势做主语

A sharp increase from 6% in 1990 to 21% in 2000 was seen/shown in the percentage of elderly people.

 

 不同时间段的趋势及数据描述上缺少衔接

比如要表述:当地游客的人数急剧增长,在2010年达到顶峰(数值为300万),但是在接下来的五年有轻微下降。

有些同学在看到以后,写的句子是The number of local visitors went up sharply. It reached a peak of 3 million in 2010, but it declined slightly in the next five years.

这样的句子较为简单,我们可以改成

After a sharp increase, the number of local visitors peaked at 3 million in 2010, which was followed by a slight decrease in the next five years.

这里使用after, which was followed by体现了句间的衔接

或者还可以改成:

The number of local visitors surged until 2010, when it peaked at 3 million, prior to a slight decrease in the next five years.

因此备考的同学们应多积累一些衔接方式, 比如

From then on, since then, afterwards, prior to, which is followed by, which precedes a decrease等。

 

针对以上问题,同学们在拿到题目以后一定要审清对象,在记忆相关单词的时候要结合例句去记,要学会使用多样句式描述趋势,内容组织上注意前后的衔接, 多练习多运用才能取得好成绩。


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