托福口语的Task 4 是总论/ 具体题，也叫概念/ 例子题 (concept / examples)，它涉及的步骤与 Task 3(见本公众号文章《托福口语突破 Week 3 | Task 3 解题技巧 & 高分模板》) 基本一样，二者的主要区别在于第四题涉及学术场景 (academic situation)，而Task 3 涉及校园场景。
托福口语考试Task 4 的准备与Task 3 的准备基本一样，重点依然是阅读小段落(回答问题时不会再出现在屏幕上)的笔记与讲座部分的笔记。做阅读小段落的笔记时，要注意下列方面：
Outsider Artists2006年12月8日托福考试口语 Task 4真题
Outsider Art is a term used to describe art that is made by people who choose to live and work outside society. The artists who produce this kind of art --- Outsider Art --- work in isolation from other artists and have little or no formal artistic training. Because they do not learn conventional artistic techniques from teachers or other artists, outsider artists must invent their own ways of doing things. As a result of the unconventional methods that outsider artists often use, their work can look strange and not at all like traditional art to the observer.
All right, let’s consider the work of the outsider artist --- Henry Darger. Darger lived by himself in a tiny apartment in Chicago in the 1900s. He had no friends and spent all his spare time alone creating hundreds of paintings and drawings. He had never formally studied painting and kept his painting completely private, so no one ever saw it or responded to it during his life time. So when you see Darger’s work, you notice how unique it is. Is doesn’t remind you of anything you ever seen before, it’s very much his own. For example, one piece --- it is a water color painting. In this piece he illustrates a story about the adventures of seven children. But see, Darger had a really hard time drawing human figures, yet he managed to come up with his own rather unique solution to the problem. He simply cut out pictures of children from newspapers and magazines, and pasted them into his own illustration of trees, lowers and grass. The result looks a little strange. Darger’s picture looks more cluttered, more crowed with details than pictures of other artists. Because its entire surface’s painted and there are no surfaces left empty. It’s also a bit longer than pictures of most artists, about none feet long.
Task 4 的语言主要涉及总分关系、定义描述、特征分类与应用等
1) . 阅读小段落的话题
Task 4 的模板可以按照两种方式设计。第一种是从讲座入手，必要是加入阅读小段落的内容。第二种是从阅读小段落的内容入手，然后复述讲座内容并阐述讲座与阅读部分之间的关系。第一种方式操作难度较大，所以下面介绍第二种方式，即一般模板必须包含的内容：
The reading discuss ____. ____ means that ____. In other words, ____. The reading says ____. In addition, ____.
The professor talks about two examples of ____. One example is ____. ____. So ____ is an example of ____ because ____. The other example is ____. Like the reading said, ____. So ____ is an example of ____, too.
The professor discussed ____. One is ____, and the other is ____. According to the reading, one aspect of ____. The lecture says that ____. ____. Another characteristics of ____. The professor says that ____. ____. Thus, ____.