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2021考研英语:考研英语必考词汇汇总

作者:西安编辑 2020-10-21 15:59 来源:互联网
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考研英语的备考,离不开词汇和语法的补习,因此小编给大家整理了2021考研英语:考研英语必考词汇汇总的相关内容,希望可以帮助到大家。

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 triumph

  n.胜利,成功vi.得胜,战胜

  真题链接

  John McWhorter sees the triumph of 1960s counter culture as responsible for the decline of formal English.(2004)

  约翰·麦克沃特认为20世纪60年代反文化的胜利造成了正式英语的衰退。(Some-body sees A as responsible for B;A是原因,B是结果)

  crucial

  a.至关重要的,决定性的

  真题链接

  If we are ever going to protect the atmosphere,it is crucial that those new plants be environmentally sound.(2005)

  如果我们准备保护大气层,那么关键的就是这些新工厂要对环境无害。

  inevitable

  a.不可避免的,必然发生的

  真题链接

  One could interpret much of the work of Beethoven by saying that suffering is inevitable, but the courage to fight it renders life worth living.(2014)

  人们也许可以将贝多芬的大多数作品解释成:苦难在所难免,但勇于抗争赋予生命意义。

  compare [kəm'peə(r)]

  真题链接

  DNT does not seem an obviously huge selling point for Windows 8—though the firm has compared some of its other products favorably with Google's on that count before.(2013)“不允许追踪”似乎并不是Windows8的一个显著的大卖点——虽然微软公司此前已经将自己其他的一些产品与谷歌的作了对比,表示至少在这个方面自己的产品有优势。

  contrast ['kɒntrɑːst]

  例 There is an obvious contrast between the cultures of East and West.东西方文化之间存在着明显的差异。

  attain [ə'teɪn]

  例 The two contract parties will make every effort to attain a balance of trade between the two sides.缔约双方将竭尽全力实现双方贸易的平衡。

  派 attainment n.成就,造诣

  attainability n.可达到;可获得

  attainable a.可达到的;可获得的

  diverge[daɪ'vɜːdʒ]

  例 The coverage by the columnists diverged from that in the main news stories.专栏作家涉足的领域和主要的新闻故事的内容是截然不同的。//His account of the event diverged from the truth.他对那个事件的叙述偏离了事实。

  correspond [,kɒrə'spɒnd]

  例 I assure you my actions will correspond with my words.我向你保证,我将言行一致。//The arms of a man correspond to the wings of a bird.人的手臂相当于鸟的翅膀。

  构 cor-(共同)+respond(响应)→相同的响应→对应

  primary ['praɪməri]

  例 A primary disease arises spontaneously with no apparent external symptoms.处于初期阶段的疾病发生时没有明显的外在症状。//Primary education receives the lion's share of the Third World expenditures.初等教育占据了第三世界教育费用的最大份额。

  构 prim(最初)+-ary(形容词后缀)→最初的,原始的,首要的

  真题链接

  Researchers in the late 1960s discovered that humans are born with the capacity to approach challenges in four primary ways:analytically,procedurally,relationally(or collaboratively)and innovatively.(2009)研究人员在20世纪60年代末发现人类天生主要用四种方法应对挑战:分析法、程序法、相关法(或合作法)和创新法。

  ratio['reɪʃɪəʊ]

  例 The ratio of men's jobs to women's is 8 to 1.男性与女性工作岗位的比例是8比1。// Equity ratio股东权益比率(股东权益比率是股东权益与资产总额的比率,该比率反映企业资产中有多少是所有者投入的。)

  feature['fi:tʃə(r)]

  例 A characteristic feature of this area is the detached pillars of rock that stand in the sea.这一区域的特色是耸立在海中孤立的石柱。// This restaurant seems to feature vegetarian dishes.这家餐厅似乎以素菜为其特色。

  真题链接

  Our magazines feature beaming celebrities and happy families in perfect homes.(2006)我们的杂志刊登的人物都是光彩照人的社会名流和生活在美满家庭的幸福成员。

  edge[edʒ]

  例 With an edge in education, women could close the salary gap and increasingly move into positions of power—as heads of corporations, presidents of universities, and political leaders. 由于妇女在受教育上的优势,所以她们与男性薪金上的差距缩小了,并能更多地担任掌权的职位,如公司的负责人、大学校长和政界的领导人。// The economy was teetering on the edge of recession.经济正濒临衰退。/ /the cliff edge悬崖边缘//(to) gain competitive edge(必考含义)获得竞争优势/ /cutting-edge technology尖端科技


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